E198 How to Change Your Probate Lawyer


You may be surprised to learn that we receive requests quite often from people who wish to change their probate lawyer. This was the exact situation one of our clients was facing recently. “Linda” started her probate case with another lawyer but realized along the way that he was not doing a good job. So, she reached out to us to take over the case. Here’s a look at how that works.

First, from our perspective, changing firms is a double-edge sword for a lawyer. As a rule of thumb, attorneys do not particularly like to take clients who have fired their previous attorney, as it could potentially be a red flag. On the other hand, if a client has been legitimately been deprived by a past attorney, they are grateful to have help and are a pleasure to work with, as is the case with Linda.

“Linda’s” story

Linda hired a “flat-fee” probate lawyer, which she thought was a great deal. However, after 9 months, Linda realized the lawyer had not done much. She also learned he didn’t really know what he was doing. For example, he hadn’t notified any heirs, collected any of the preliminary financial documents, or even gathered the basic information, which is typically what seasoned probate attorneys do right away. That led Linda to seek out another lawyer. Not only did she want a new lawyer to help her, but she also wanted to recoup as much of her “flat-fee” as possible. After all, not much had been done in 9 months.

How To Change Lawyers In The Middle Of A Case

How To Change Lawyers In The Middle Of A Case

If the previous lawyer hasn’t done any work on the case yet, then it is pretty easy. You can request they stop working and hire someone new. However, it gets more complicated if the attorney has spent any time on the case, which can include opening the case and corresponding with the court. If that’s the case, you will want to decide wisely – even if you can’t stand working with a particular attorney, if you are close to the finish line, it may be in the best interest of the case to see it through to the end. You will have to weigh it out.

How To Transfer Case From One Lawyer To Another

If the case has progressed to the point of filing documents with the court, the attorney who filed the documents is called the “Attorney of Record.” This means they are your official lawyer in the eyes of the court. If this is the case, you simply can’t change who represents you without the approval of the court. The court requires documentation to change attorneys at this point, essentially granting permission to change attorneys. This document must be signed by all parties, including yourself, the previous attorney, and the new attorney.

This puts you in a position of needing something from the previous attorney. Therefore, it’s not advisable to air your grievances or place a nasty phone call to their office (which is actually never a good idea). Even though you may be upset with them, you need that document to be signed.

One thing to keep in mind is that an attorney may elect to not sign the document until all invoices have been settled. You may have to pay the balances in order to move on. Although you may disagree with the invoice, in reality, if they have done the work, they should be paid. You have to weigh out if paying the outstanding balances, even though they didn’t do much work in your opinion, is worth it to change attorneys.

How To Transfer Case From One Lawyer To Another

Another reason to keep the peace is for the transition to be smooth. Your new attorney will need to get the files from the previous attorney. While some records can be obtained from the court, the previous attorney may have originals that is easier to get from them then to retrieve otherwise.

Are Lawyer Retainer Fees Refundable?

The short answer is technically yes, but in reality, they are usually not. In New York and in other states, attorneys are not allowed to charge non-refundable retainers. Although found in most attorney agreements, it is not usually permissible. Unless you change your mind the day after you send the check, most lawyers would have done enough work to have earned the retainer. For example, opening the file, reviewing the documents, gathering preliminary documents, calling the court, etc., adds up, which may use most if not all of the retainer. Lawyers are definitely entitled to fees for the work they do, even if you are not satisfied with their work.

Are Lawyer Retainer Fees Refundable?

If you are considering changing attorneys, you may find that the cost of keeping your current attorney outweighs starting over with a new attorney. Alternately, depending on the particular situation, it’s worth it to start over. As with any decision, weighing your options before making the switch is important.

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